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How do we value natural talent and hard work in others?

door Elena Martinescu

Onderzoek

Organizations in all professional fields strive to identify people who can reach highest levels of achievement. Achievement in a certain domain may come from two distinct sources: perseverance and hard work (striving) or from natural talent, a predisposition that some people have and others do not. A commonly shared belief is that high achievement is a combination of natural talent and striving to apply it.
Do we judge people who work hard in the same way as people who have a natural ability as entrepreneurs? Lees verder

Is gossip a “weapon of the weak”?

door Elena Martinescu

Onderzoek

Eleanor Roosevelt once said that “great people talk about ideas, average people talk about things, while small people talk about other people”. Gossip – informally talking in an evaluative way about others who are not present – is according to both lay perceptions and scientific evidence something that people who have lower power do more than their higher power counterparts (see e.g. Ellwardt, 2011). For instance, employees may gossip more than their managers, and middle managers may gossip more than top managers. Lees verder

What did they just say about me?

door Elena Martinescu

Onderzoek

People gossip a lot, and they do it in every context they happen to find themselves, including the workplace. But does this information ever reach the colleague we are talking about, and if it does, how does it affect this person? Lees verder

Gene politics, or how our evolutionary past influences us in the modern workplace

door Elena Martinescu

Humans are the most social of all species. For the greatest part of our existence we have lived in small groups of people in which every individual was related to the others by ties of kinship. People in these small­­­­ communities of families knew each other personally, had a shared background and shared interests, and did most of their activities together. Nowadays we are surrounded by strangers, and we divide our time between people who are our kin and people who are not out kin (real or analogous). Nigel Nicholson explains how our long history of living in small communities influences the way we interact in the modern workplace. Lees verder

Why should I listen to gossip? How stories about others can help individuals

door Elena Martinescu

Onderzoek

Gossip is widespread in organizations, but it seems to be a paradoxical behavior. On the one hand, people have a high interest in sharing their opinions about colleagues’ successes and failures, but on the other hand they fiercely blame anyone who is known to be a gossiper. Lees verder

Can we benefit from negative gossip in the workplace? Yes, we can!

door Elena Martinescu

Onderzoek

Gossip is traditionally seen as a negative and destructive behavior, done only with the intent to hurt the person whose attitude, behavior or personality is under scrutiny (the target). Communicating one’s evaluations about individuals behind their backs is inconsiderate, rude or even against formal rules; gossip is generally disapproved in the context of personal relationships and in the workplace. However, recent studies indicate that gossip is shared to help people at risk of being exploited, and to discourage self-serving behaviors among co-workers. Lees verder