Op dinsdag 19 januari aanstaande presenteert in de colloquiareeks 2015 – 2016 van het Expertisecentrum – Dr. Jin Yan verbonden aan de School of Management ZheJiang University te Hangzhou, P.R. China.
“The issue of identifying determinants and prevention strategies of unethical behavior has never been so highlighted in today’s world business. The ethical scandals caused serious damage to the company and our society. Although there are many causes of unethical behavior, the short-term thinking in business practices is considered to be a critical determinant of ethical scandals. Short-term thinking promotes managers to neglect possible long-term disasters that might cause by cheating. However, compared to the extensive social media concerns, the scientific empirical evidence about short-term thinking is still not sufficient in the research of ethical decision-making. In this paper, we empirically tested the relationship between short-term thinking and unethical behavior. Specifically, we manipulated the media word of short-term thinking with two similar psychological constructs: future orientation and consideration of future consequences (CFC). We proposed that people with a lower dispositional future orientation have a higher tendency to conduce unethical behaviors in tempting situations. The relationship can be explained by the cognitive variable of construal level. In study 1, we tested the correlation between the degree of future orientation in a national culture and the propensity of that country’s company to offer bribers aboard. The GLOBE dimension of future orientation practice score predicted the Corruption Perception Index of the country in regression models. In study 2, we used consideration of future consequence as the measure of dispositional future orientation. In a two-stage design, the CFC negatively predicted the tolerance of academic cheating in a scenario. Study 3 and 4 tested the reason why future orientation can predict the unethical behavior. We supposed that individuals with different CFC tend to construe the unethical scenario in different construal levels, which leads to the different tolerance of unethical behavior. In study 3, the results from 92 MBA participants demonstrated that the psychological distance of scenarios moderated the effects of CFC on acceptance of unethical behavior. Study 4 tested the casual relationship between CFC and moral intention is mediated by the decision maker’s construal level of event in a 77 college students sample. In these studies, we find that people with high CFC are more inclined to construe the ethical event in a high construal level that is ethical principle-oriented. Therefore, they will have a clearer cognition about the ethics embedded in scenarios, and behave more ethically.”
U bent van harte welkom om het colloquium bij te wonen. De aanvangstijd is 15:30 (Zerniketerrein Groningen). Voor meer informatie en de exacte lokatie neemt u contact op met het secretariaat van de vakgroep Human Resource Management en Organizational Behaviour; tel.nr. 050 363 4288.